Hormonal induction and synchronization in the reproduction of nile tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus)





hCG, Reproduction, Reproductive performance


The present study aims to evaluate the sexual synchronization of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus) breeding herds under different distributions and days. This study was carried out during, a period of 21 experimental days. It was conducted in a randomized block design (DBC), in a factorial scheme 2 × 2 × 3, (male and female, with and without hormone induction, and three times blocks of 7, 14 and 21 days). A total of 324 fish were used, 180 females and 144 males, previously microchipped with approximately 250 ± 12.25 g of body weight.. Each tank contained 36 animals, with every three tanks comprising a block of which were repeated in time. Each of the tanks was composed of only males, another with 12 males and 24 females separated by a glass and a screen on the bottom and the third tank with only females. In each treatment, half of the animals (male and female) were  applied the hCG hormone, in a single dose at a concentration of 5 IU / gram fish live weight. The animals were evaluated at 7, 14, and 21 days. After 667 hours-degree after  application  of the hormone was made extrusion and spermatozoa by celomatic massage. It was observed females that showed ease of extrusion of gametes. For the females, spawning index, absolute and relative fecundity, oocyte weight per 1 g, diameters, and germinal vesicle peripheral position were evaluated; the sperm concentration, volume (ml), motility (%), duration of sperm motility (min) and integrity were evaluated in males. The data were submitted to analysis of variance at the 5% level of significance. For females at 14 days there was greater ease of extrusion when separated from males, with hormone  application . The distribution influenced the spawning weight, the larger diameter, and for the diameters smaller the days and induction presented interference. In males, the days interfered in the increase in volume and duration of semen motility independent of induction and environment, and finally, the environment interfered significantly in semen concentration.


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Hormonal induction and synchronization in the reproduction of nile tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus). (2022). Boletim De Indústria Animal, 79, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.17523/bia.2022.v79.e1509